Nepal Land of Himalayas
Area: 147,181 sq. km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location: Latitude: 2612' to 3027' North Longitude: 804' to 8812' East
Capital City: Kathmandu
People: 125 ethnic groups and 123 spoken languages [officially spoken language: Nepali]
Altitude variation: Minimum 60m from sea level at Jhapa district and maximum 8,848m at Mount Everest
Climate: sub-tropical in low lands to arctic’s in higher altitudes
Population: 30 million appx.
Nepal is a country of amazing extremes. Imagine a rectangle, 500 by 150 miles (800 by 240km), divided lengthwise into three strips. Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. The northernmost strip is the Himalayas; Meaning "abode of snow," and includes
eight of ten highest mountains in the world. The southernmost region, called the Terai, is an extension of the Genetic plain of northern India, containing, jungles with elephants, rhinoceroses and tigers. These inhabitants contrast markedly with the yaks and snow leopard less than 100 miles (160 km) to the north. Enchantment is everywhere, be it on the shoulders of high mountains, terraced ridges ascending like stairways to sky, on quiet or rushing rivers, or in forests full of wildlife, flowers and birdsong. The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. Similarly, Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is located in this region. Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world's great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centres.There are so many places in Nepal that are listed in the world heritage site by UNESCO some of them are Pasupatinath, Boudhanath, Swyambunath, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Chitwan National Park e.t.c.
Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalese, the highest percentage of any country. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 9% of its people, followed by Islam at 4.4%, Kiratism 3.1%, Christianity 1.4% and animism 0.4%. A large portion of the population, especially in the hill region, may identify themselves as both Hindu and Buddhist, which can be attributed to the syncretism nature of both faiths in Nepal.