Mount Everest (8848m) is a mountain giant located at the border of Nepal & China. This mountain was first climbed in 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. Nonetheless, the mountain is climbed over 9000 times by over 4000 mountaineers, and still, most parts of the mountain are a secret. So, here is our small effort to let you know about interesting facts about Mt. Everest:
Some Of the interesting facts about Mt. Everest
1. Origin of Mt. Everest
Geologists considered that Mt. Everest was formed about 60 million years ago when the Indian plate was subducted by the Eurasian plate raising a huge mass of land forming the world’s highest mountain.
The Explorer Noel Odell in 1924 discovered the marine fossil on Mt. Everest. That proves, that Mt. Everest was originally covered with the ocean.
2. Mt. Everest has nicknames “Chomolungma” & “Sagarmatha”
Mt. Everest was named after the British surveyor-general of India Sir George as he was the first to recognize the mountain in 1841. However, the name he has given to Mt Everest was Peak 16.
Besides, Nepali calls it “Sagarmatha” which means “Goddess of Sky”. Tibetan name for Mt. Everest is “Chomolungma’ which means “Holy mother”.
3. There is a taller mountain than Mt. Everest
The height of Mt. Everest is 8848.86m which is undoubtedly the highest above sea level. But, base-to-top, the Mt. Mauna Kea (10,210m) is the tallest but only 4,205m above sea level.
4. Over 9000 summits by 2021
Climbing the world’s highest mountain is a dream of every mountaineer, which needs a lot of hard work and dedication. However, over 4000 mountaineers have been successful in summiting Everest since the first summit of 1953. The person with the most summits till now is Kami Rita Sherpa with the 25th successful summit by 7th May 2021.
5. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa might not be the first to Summit Mt. Everest:
The first successful summit of Mt. Everest was recorded on 29 May 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary accompanied by Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. But, some believe the summit of Mt. Everest might have been done in 1924. The mountaineers George Mallory & Andrew Irvine were recorded to be one step below the summit that year but they were never seen again.
6. Mt. Everest is a “Growing Mountain”
Yes, you heard it right. It is a growing mountain rising 40cm per century. The pressure between the collision of the Eurasian plate and Indian plate leads the mountain to grow.
7. Above 8000m is a death Zone
The zone above 8000m is also known as the death zone as most of the unsuccessful climbers died on that section. Above 8000m, the cell of the body starts to die due to a lack of oxygen. Thin air consists, of only one-third of oxygen, compared to that at sea level. The extreme cold up to -50°C and the average of -19°C in summer and -35°C in winter freezes your body.
It is also known as High altitude graveyard as there are numerous dead bodies of the climbers undiscovered or not rescued. It is extremely difficult and dangerous to bring the body down. Exceptional rescue of the body can be done by using 40k-70k USD.
8. Dirtiest mountain
Being the highest mountain in the world, this mountain encourages lots of mountaineering enthusiasts to climb this mountain. During the mountaineering season, we can experience traffic jams in the mountain too. Due to lack of proper waste management, there are tons of mountaineering waste scattering on Everest making it the dirtiest mountain.
Since it is a great natural resource of Earth, the first priority of the government and mountaineers should be to keep it clean.
9. 1974, A year without any summit attempts
Since the mountain is open for climbing; there has not been any year without climbing attempts except 1974.
10. 2’O clock Rule
Due to the extremely harsh and unpredictable weather conditions after 2 o clock, you have to summit Everest before 2’0 clock. If you can’t make it before 2’0 clock, you have to return to the camp below the summit.